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Flood Preparedness


Introduction Flood

Flooding is a natural disaster of concern because it threatens the life and economy of the country. According to a study by the World Meteorological Organization ( WMO ) , the flood is a natural disaster that the big three have claimed many lives and property damage . Flooding problems in this country due to the monsoon flooding and flash flooding will continue in spite of a variety of structural and non-structural measures undertaken by the government to reduce its impact. With the increase in population and development is concentrated in basins and river valleys are prone to rising flood water are unavoidable . Frequency of flooding has increased due to changes in land use of drainage systems in poor areas can not afford menyalirankan heavy rain flow and drainage systems that experience sedimentation due to development.

Within the last decade the country has experienced several major floods . Despite the flood area to flood about 29,000 square miles or 9 % of the area of ??the country, over 2.7 million people 18 % from the total population of teralibat with flooding . Total flood damage was estimated at Rs 100 million, according to the JICA study in 1981 . Government has taken proactive steps to address problems such as the establishment of flood oversight body , the implementation of flood mitigation projects , the implementation of non-structural measures with the establishment of systems for flood prediction and amraran major rivers basins prone flooding and integrating river basin management to reduce loss of life and property due to flooding .

As the public, we serve to get ready to face the threat of flood danger by acting earlier. Here is an excerpt of Disaster Coping Guide diterbitakan by the Department of Civil Defense and cartoon pictures easily understood to be :


            Before the Flood

                    · Find out about the flooding in your area.

· Ensure that the flood warning system , how it is communicated and local flood preparedness information .

· Check whether the water hole or sewer drains . Clear any obstructions and make sure it's sealed so that water does not overflow flooding through.

· Ensure evacuation centers and disaster recovery centers in your area , make plans and emergency evacuation drills .

· Provide Emergency Equipment .

· Make sure your whole family knows ways Acting During Emergencies at home .

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Before the Flood - During Detected Signs

· Listen to the radio announcement .

· Fill the barrel , container , sink or tub with water , the flood water may be dirty .

· Bring in outdoor furniture or appliances in the home.

· Keep important documents in a safe place or take along in a waterproof container .

· Be prepared to close the electrical switch , the main water supply valve and gas .

·Tell your neighbors and be prepared to evacuate .

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During a Flood - In The House

· Listen to the radio announcement .

· Be prepared with emergency equipment .

· If ordered out and moved , immediately do.

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During Floods - Away From Home

· Go to a higher and safer place .

· Avoid going through flooded areas as strong currents can sweep you away.

· Do not knowingly outing in flooded areas either on foot or by boat .

· Do not touch any cables or wires to fall.

· Supervise children , do not let them play around in drains , rivers or mine ..

·Do not drink flood water .

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During Floods - In Vehicle

· Do not directly facing the flooded area, turn back.

· If your vehicle stopped , lock your vehicle and leave it , go to a safe place .

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During a Flood - During Evacuation

·Upon receiving the command , immediately moved .

· Evacuate early before flood waters or during the day , it's much easier and safer .

· Follow the specified path , shortest path may be blocked .

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After the Flood

· Listen to the radio announcement or wait for the orders of the authorities , do not return home before being allowed or before the condition is completely safe .

· Give a helping hand to your neighbors or people with disabilities ( elderly people , children or disabled people ) .

· Check your house for signs of cracks or settlement which might be unsafe.

· Do not walk directly into a flooded home , watch a lot of hidden dangers .

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After the Floods - When Entering the Building

· Wear shoes.

· Check for damage to walls, floors, doors and windows.

· Check for any sign of the presence of poisonous animals or insects and dangerous . Use the wood to remove any obstacles that littered the floor of your home.

· Note the ceiling and plaster walls may crack , loose and fall .

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After the Flood - Check Threat Hazard

· Check gas pipes may burst or leak .

· Check the electrical wires submerged in water .

· Check electrical appliances sink .

· Check the combustible materials that may flow during flood ( kerosene , gasoline , diesel , etc.).

· Remove food ingredients submerged or exposed to flood waters including canned food.

· Check for damage to the septic tank to elekkan biological hazards .

· Report any damage to public facilities to the authorities.

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Year Of Launch:
Ver. 1 : Dis 2002
Ver. 2 : Apr 2005